Held: 1. By entering into the compact and acting under it after Congressional approval, the States waived whatever immunity from a suit such as this in a federal court respondent, as their agency, might have enjoyed under the Eleventh Amendment. Pp. 359 U. S. 276-282. (a) The construction of a compact sanctioned by Congress under Art. I, § 10, cl. 3, of the Constitution presents a federal question over which this Court has the final say. Pp. 359 U. S. 278-279. (b) Congress approved the "sue and be sued" clause in the compact here involved under conditions that make it clear that the States accepting it waived any immunity from suit which they otherwise might have had. Pp. 359 U. S. 279-280. (c) The above-quoted proviso in the Act of Congress approving the compact, read in the light of the "sue and be sued" clause in the compact, reserves the jurisdiction of the federal courts to act in any matter arising under the compact over which they would have jurisdiction by virtue of the fact that the Mississippi is a navigable stream and that interstate commerce is involved. Pp. 359 U. S. 280-282. 2. Respondent, as a bi-state corporation, is not excepted from the term "employer" as used in the Jones Act. Pp. 359 U. S. 282-283. https://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/359/275/

Posted by MalikaDulce at 2020-10-17 16:45:58 UTC