Hmmmm... The franking of a cover is described in words. Catalog numbers are not used. There are dozens of different catalogs used worldwide. Any number used would be useless to a large percentage of those reading the descriptions. The franking is the postage or endorsement that paid for the transmission of the cover. The first step is to determine whether the franking is paid by stamps or in some other way. The vast majority of covers are franked by stamps. A cover without a stamp must be determined to be either pre-philatelic or franked by other means. A cover is considered pre-philatelic if the date is before the mandatory use of postage stamps for the service provided. For example, in the U.S., stamps were required on domestic letters starting in 1855. However, depending on the route, overseas letters were sometime stampless until the U.P.U. was formed in 1876. Also, certain types of official mail are considered stampless after 1855. For the U.S., the best test is whether the marking are listed in the American Stampless Cover Catalog. For other countries, the only test is the date, domestic mail before postage stamps were mandatory or foreign mail before 1876. With precise rules, it is imperative to ASK if there is any uncertainly a cover is pre-philatelic.

Posted by El Hotepsekhemwy Pero at 2020-09-24 01:37:03 UTC